During Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s visit to India in April 2015, he said: “We will not grant equal access to transit to Central Asia for Pakistani trucks” unless the Pakistani government has accepted India under the Afghanistan-Pakistan agreement in 2010.  The current transit trade agreement allows Afghanistan access to the port of Karachi to export with India and allows the transit of Afghan goods to any border with Pakistan, but does not guarantee the right of Afghan trucks to cross the Wagah border, and the agreement does not authorize the export of Indian goods to Afghanistan via Pakistan.  Due to the continuing tensions between India and Pakistan, the Pakistani government has expressed its dislike for India`s inclusion in trade negotiations with Afghanistan and, as a result, little progress has been made between the Afghan and Pakistani parties. The term “Eastern Alignment of CPEC” refers to road projects in Sindh and Punjab provinces – some of which were first planned in 1991.  As part of the eastern axis, a 1,152 km highway will connect Pakistan`s two largest cities, Karachi and Lahore, with a 6-lane controlled access road designed for speeds of up to 120 km/h.  The entire project will cost about $6.6 billion, with most of the funding being distributed by various Chinese state banks.  On 12 August 2015, China and Pakistan signed an additional 20 agreements in the city of Karamay, to the amount of $1.6 billion, to further expand the scope and scope of the CPEC.  The details of the plan are opaque, but must focus primarily on increasing energy generation capacity.  As part of the agreement, Pakistan and China agreed to cooperate in space research.  LNG LNG projects with liquefied natural gas are also considered essential to the CPEC. The Chinese government has announced its intention to build a US$2.5 billion pipeline of 711 kilometres between Gwadar and Nawabshah in the province under the CPEC.  The pipeline is expected to be part of Pakistan`s 2,775-kilometre-long gas pipeline and will link the 80-kilometre stretch between Gwadar and the Iranian border if sanctions against Tehran are eased; Iran has already completed part of 900 kilometres of the pipeline on its side of the border.  The next major landmark on the way to the official launch of the CPEC in 2013 came in 2006, when two major events took place.
The first was the signing of a framework agreement on energy cooperation, in which the Chinese government is committed to supporting the development of Pakistan`s oil and gas sector. The second development took place during Chinese President Hu Jintao`s visit to Pakistan in November. During the visit, the two countries signed a free trade agreement and a five-year economic and economic cooperation plan, as well as an agreement for China to financially support the modernization of transport infrastructure, including the Karakorum Highway. “The agreements would achieve peaceful development and shared prosperity between the two participants and promote cooperation,” the minister said. ISLAMABAD, July 7 (Xinhua) — The concession agreement for the 700.7 MW Azad Pattan hydroelectric project under the Sino-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has been signed, a breakthrough for the implementation of the project, according to the China Gezhouba Group. The first infrastructure work on the port of Gwadar began in 2002 and was completed in 2007, but plans to modernize and expand the port of Gwadar have stalled.